For 3000 years, the people of the steppes have adopted a pastoral way of life moving in the search of best pastures and campsites. They live for their livestock, in the forefront of which the horse undoubtedly was the first animal domesticated in these infinite landscape. Today approximately half of Mongolia's population is still roaming in the vast plains living in the ger. Nomads move their camping several times a year on the grounds with no fence. Nomadic life thrives in summer and survives in winter. Considering climatic conditions, especially during winter, such lifestyle may seem to the outside world to be a very hard way of living. However, Mongolians have developed for centuries such qualities as strength and resilience that are essential for survival in this harsh nature, which is their cherished homeland.
Traditionally, Mongolian nomads raise five species of livestock known as the five animals: horses, cows or yaks, sheep, goats and camels. Nomadic families often in groups move generally in the radius of 50 to 100 kilometers, at least twice a year, in spring and at the beginning of winter. Nomads devote all of the day caring after their animals – watching over, milking, shearing or combing – to produce felt and felt clothes, cheese and other dairy products. Horses are raised and looked after by men but are milked by women.